5 min read

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Writing SOAP Notes in Physical Therapy

The use of SOAP notes is a crucial aspect of the practice of physical therapy. It is essential to document the encounters with patients and their progress in detail and on a regular basis to ensure effective treatment. In recent years, the importance of appropriate and accurate documentation has increased significantly, as SOAP notes contain patient data that is critical to improving the medical claims process. However, documenting every session for each client can be tedious, particularly when dealing with multiple individuals in a single day. Without a proper framework, organizing clinical notes can be challenging, resulting in a decline in the quality of patients’ health records and overall practice management.

SOAP Notes For physical Therapy

Whether you are a seasoned physical therapist or a newcomer to the field, it is crucial to recognize the potential errors that can arise when documenting SOAP notes and learn how to prevent them entirely. We need to record our patient interactions clearly and sufficiently in order to meet our professional standards. This will also protect us against legal action and improve patient care, especially if more than one therapist or PT assistant is involved with the patient. Even more importantly, insurance and billing companies require complete record-keeping to approve payments. A considerable amount of billing errors have been rejected due to incomplete or inadequate record-keeping. So, not only is it a legal requirement that can protect you from a lawsuit, but if you run a clinic with multiple therapists, it could also be costing you a lot of money and negatively impacting your cash flow. However, before delving into the specifics, it is essential to comprehend the definition of SOAP notes.

What is SOAP Notes

SOAP notes are a uniform approach for recording patient interactions in the healthcare sector, with the acronym representing the elements of Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan. This style of note-taking was developed to establish a consistent and structured way of documenting patient visits to ensure that vital information is not overlooked. Medical professionals use SOAP notes to include them in the patient's medical record, allowing for the dissemination of information to other care providers, documentation of patient interactions, and informing the clinical reasoning process.

Now that you have a clear understanding of what SOAP notes are, let's explore the errors that should be avoided.

Mistake 1: Oblique or insufficient Objective Data

The therapist's observations, measurements, and test results are examples of objective information. Inadequate specificity or being too ambiguous might lead to misconceptions or misinterpretations by other healthcare experts. In your SOAP notes, it is critical to present clear and exact objective information. Utilize standardized tests and measures to thoroughly characterize the patient's movement patterns, range of motion, strength, and any other pertinent data.

Mistake 2: Misunderstandings and Treatment Errors

It is of utmost importance to ensure that SOAP notes are clear and concise, as their primary objective is to provide a record that can be easily understood by other healthcare practitioners who may need to review them. Including irrelevant or excessively descriptive language can make your notes more complicated and challenging to comprehend, which may result in treatment errors or misunderstandings. Therefore, it is crucial to keep your SOAP notes simple, focusing solely on the key facts and information directly relevant to the patient's treatment. This approach not only facilitates better understanding by other healthcare practitioners of the patient's condition and treatment plan but also saves time and effort when referring to previous notes.

Mistake 3: Inadequate Subjective Information Gathering in Patient Treatment

Subjective information, such as a patient's symptoms and amount of discomfort, should be noted while gathering patient data. The effectiveness of the treatment plan may be negatively impacted by incomplete or erroneous data collection. Healthcare professionals should ask open-ended inquiries that encourage patients to share as much information as possible in order to avoid this situation. In order to guarantee proper documentation, it is also necessary to monitor any changes in symptoms or pain intensity between sessions.

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Mistake 4: Relying on Assumptions

In the evaluation section of a SOAP note, the physical therapist's clinical impressions, diagnosis, and prognosis—obtained from both objective and subjective information—are provided in detail. The patient's treatment strategy depends on this part. It is never a good idea to base conclusions on supposition because this might lead to inaccurate diagnosis and ineffective therapies. To avoid any misunderstandings or errors, they should also include references to the data or study that supports the diagnosis and outlook. To achieve accurate diagnoses, physical therapists must learn as much as they can about their patients and their pertinent medical histories.

Mistake 5: Inadequate Plan

The SOAP note's plan section, which outlines interventions and therapy objectives, is an essential part of a patient's treatment plan. The development and results of a patient might be severely impacted by an insufficient or incomplete plan. As a result, it's crucial to make sure the strategy is time-bound, relevant, clear, quantifiable, and feasible. Healthcare practitioners may precisely track progress and make necessary adjustments with the help of a detailed and quantifiable plan. To guarantee that the therapy is successful and efficient, the plan must be realistic and pertinent to the patient's requirements and expectations. The strategy should also be time-bound, with deadlines for completing each target. Healthcare professionals should constantly evaluate and revise the plan depending on the patient's development to guarantee the patient's success. This enables adaptability and modifications as required to meet the patient's shifting demands. Healthcare professionals may collaborate with patients to obtain the greatest result by matching the plan with the patient's goals and expectations.


To ensure error-free SOAP notes and streamline your administrative tasks, consider switching to SPRY. With its auto-filling fields, SOAP notes are completed quickly and accurately based on patient intake information, reducing the need for manual typing and minimizing delays.

In addition to reducing admin time by 40-50%, SPRY ensures that nothing is missed or inadequate, allowing you to meet industry standards and monitor staff performance. With our SOAP dashboard, you can easily track progress and ensure that all notes are completed adequately and in line with professional standards and legal requirements. Not only will our platform improve compliance, more accurate recording, save your therapists time it will also ensure your record keeping errors don't start to impact your billing and cash flow. 

SPRY's automated workflows and pre-built smart processes make charting and documentation a breeze, allowing you to complete SOAP notes in less than 5 minutes. You can also accelerate follow-up and progress notes with easy information transfer from patient communications.

What are you waiting for? Streamline your administrative tasks, save time, and improve documentation accuracy with SPRY - the ultimate SOAP notes solution. 

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